What is Acne and How Does a Pimple Form? There are many types of acne, including blackhead, whiteheads, papule and pustules. When your skin's natural oils cannot get to the surface because the pore is clogged, a pimple forms. Beneath the skin, the natural oils and skin cells mix causing the formation of acne. So keeping your pores open, clear and clean is vital in your fight against acne.
Remember though, acne forms beneath the skin, so it is crucial to keep your pores open, clear and clean to allow for oil to escape through the top layer of skin.
How the MicrodermaMitt Works: The MicrodermaMitt ZitMit exfoliates and removes the top layer of dead skin while it opens and cleans your pores of dirt, oil, bacteria and other residue left behind from products. When the top layer of skin is removed and the pores are cleaned out, sebum cannot collect and form into a pustule (pimple) and close up holding the sebum in. The MicrodermaMitt should not be used on open or soared skin. In many instances, professional treatment and advice may be necessary.
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Aging Skin and Wrinkles
Hormonal changes, sun damage, and slower cell turnover as we age, cause skin to look and feel dry, dull and rough. Exfoliation stimulates skin cell regeneration to help generate newer, younger and healthier skin cells. Although people may have a genetic predisposition to severe wrinkling, it is known that sun exposure promotes and exacerbates wrinkling of the skin.
As a person ages, skin cells divide more slowly, and the inner skin, or dermis, starts to thin. Fat cells beneath the dermis begin to atrophy, and the underlying network of elastin and collagen fibers, which provides scaffolding for the surface layers, loosens and unravels. Skin loses its elasticity; when pressed, it no longer springs back to its initial position but instead sags and forms furrows. The skin's ability to retain moisture diminishes; the sweat and oil-secreting glands atrophy, depriving the skin of their protective water-lipid emulsions. As a consequence, the skin becomes dry. In addition, the ability of the skin to repair itself diminishes with age, so wounds are slower to heal.
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Lack of humidity, sun, and slower cell turnover as we age, causes skin to look and feel dry, dull and rough and even crack.
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Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema (the most common form of eczema). Atopic eczema mainly affects children, but it can continue into adulthood or start later in life. Eczema is a chronic skin condition in which the skin becomes itchy, reddened, cracked and dry. It affects both males and females equally.
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Build up of dead skin in pores and on the surface of skin creates red, irritated skin bumps due to hair getting trapped. Ingrown hairs also form when "sharpened” hairs curl back and re-enter the same hair follicle. They cause a "foreign body reaction” – meaning they are not "recognized” by the body – and are attacked, causing inflammation, itching, infection and other unpleasant symptoms. This is referred to as pseudofolliculitis barbae.
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Keratosis pilaris is a common skin condition in which a protein in the skin called keratin forms hard plugs within hair follicles. Symptoms include fine pinkish, bumpy texture to skin over the outer upper arms and thighs. umps may also appear on the buttocks and less comon on the face and may be mistaken for acne. It is more common in patients who tend to have very dry skin, or who have atopic dermatitis (eczema). It seems to run in families and be genetic in nature. The condition is generally worse in winter and often clears in the summer.
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Pores may look larger when they are blocked with oil or dead skin cells. Exfoliating every other day will remove dead skin cells and unclog pores resulting in the appearance of smaller pores
Most enlarged pores on the face are the result of hereditary factors, more than anything else. Sun damage and aging cause the epidermis to thicken and a rim of cells are more likely to collect around individual pores. Pores may be more visible simply due to lack of good skin grooming and poor exfoliation. Too much surface oil and remnant naturally shed skin cells can collect around the edges of pores, creating the illusion of the pores being larger than they really are. Blackheads and enlarged pores often go hand-inhand. Blackheads can either expand pores or simply focus attention on them. Harsh astringents actually encourage oil glands to over-produce oil, leading to an increase in the size of pores.
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Secretion of sebum (the natural built-in moisturizer) in excess quantities by oil glands is the main cause for oily skin. Accumulation of sebum makes the skin texture heavy and thick, the result, greasy or oily feeling. This excessive secretion, when not taken care of, results in shiny skin and causes blemishes and pimples. This type of skin which has active oil glands tends to age slower than other types. Wrinkles and sagging are less likely to appear prematurely. The oily skin, if not treated, will lead to blackheads (due to clogged pores) and builds dead skin cells. Complexion becomes dull looking and pores become enlarged and more visible.
Treatment of oily skin involves removal of excess sebum without drying up the skin. Removing too much oil will generate negative results, since it will only stimulate the oil glands to produce more and more sebum to make up for the loss. Always avoid use of alcohol based astringents to clean the excess oils from your face. Use the milder varieties, since excessive cleaning will again promote production of more sebum due to dryness.
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Razor bumps are very similar to ingrown hairs and are also referred to as "pseudofolliculitis barbae”. Small tender pimples, commonly known as razor bumps, can appear on the skin surface when closely cut hairs grow out and pierce back into the skin at a follicle. Again the "foreign body reaction” occurs causing the follicle to become irritated and inflamed. Shaving in particular is one of the causes for razor bumps and ingrown hairs because it "sharpens” the free hair end, helping its ability to go back into the skin resulting in redness and inflammation. However, razor bumps and ingrown hairs very often result from other hair removal methods such as waxing, electrolysis and laser hair removal.
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The skin can also age prematurely as a result of prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The role of the sun cannot be overestimated as the most important cause of aging skin and skin cancers. Overall, exposure to ultraviolet (referred to as UVA or UVB) radiation from sunlight accounts for about 90% of the symptoms of premature skin aging, and most of these effects occur by age 20. Both UVA and UVB rays cause damage leading to wrinkles, aging skin disorders, and cancer. Even small amounts of UV radiation damage collagen fibers (the major structural protein in the skin) and cause accumulation of abnormal elastin (the protein that causes tissue to stretch). Sunlight damages collagen fibers and causes accumulation of abnormal elastin (the protein that causes tissue to stretch).
Other environmental factors, including cigarette smoke and pollution, particularly ozone, may hasten aging by producing oxygen-free radicals. These are particles produced by many of the body's normal chemical processes; in excessive amounts they can damage cell membranes and interact with genetic material, possibly contributing to the development of a number of skin disorders, including wrinkles and, more importantly, cancer.
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Rosacea is more than just a red face, resulting from an overly acidic body and skin. The pH (potential of hydrogen) as you remember from your high school general science or chemistry class, ranges from 0 to 14 with 7 being neutral. Rosacea triggers come from 'acidic triggers' regardless of whether they are foods, drinks, stress, or lack of breath due to not enough oxygen (oxygen is an alkaline) and inability to exhaust enough carbon dioxide (carbon dioxide is acidic). We all know that if we hold our breath for 30 seconds or 60 seconds, we will all notice that our face turns pink or red. We all know, but hardly think that the cause is a build up of carbon dioxide which is an "acidic" gas and we have a shortage of oxygen. Very similarly, when we exercise for too long and become aerobic, we have a build up of lactic acid which is burned muscle and fat tissue (and obviously acidic) which results in more rosacea redness.
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